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Purchase a Property in Luxembourg

Purchase a Property in Luxembourg

Foreigners who want to purchase a property in Luxembourg have no restrictions. There are many factors that could influence the decision to buy or rent in Luxembourg and one of the most common is the duration of the stay in the country. We invite you to read below on the main steps to complete when buying real estate in Luxembourg. Our lawyers in Luxembourg can help local and foreign citizens and investors purchase various types of properties, among which residential and commercial real estate.

 Quick Facts  
 Specific legislation applicable (YES/NO)

– Law on the transcription of real property rights,

– Law to the designation of persons and property in the deeds to be transcribed or registered at the Luxembourg mortgage office,

– Law on the status of divided co-ownership,

– Regulation regarding the selling of floor-plan buildings

 Possibility to acquire Luxembourg properties by foreigners (YES/NO)

Yes, foreign citizens can buy properties in Luxembourg. 

 Types of properties that can be purchased in Luxembourg

– residential properties,

– commercial units 

 Real estate due diligence required (YES/NO)  No, it is not mandatory, but buyers are advised not to skip this step.
 Documents to draft for property acquisition

– identification papers of the seller and buyer,

– the sale-purchase contract,

– the property title deed,

– proof of income for the buyer,

– mortgage documents (if applicable)

 Financing options availability (YES/NO)

 Yes, such an option is available for both Luxembourg and foreign nationals.

 Special property acquisition programs for foreign citizens (YES/NO)


 Time frame to acquire a property (approx.)

 The time frame for buying a property in Luxembourg is 1 to 2 months.

 Taxes/ fees to consider upon a property purchase

– legal fees,

– notary fees,

– registration taxes,

– real estate agent fee (if applicable).

 Land Registry registration requirement (YES/NO)  Yes
 Best cities to buy properties in Luxembourg

 Luxembourg City, Differdange, Belval, Echternach

 Residency requirements for foreign citizens buying real estate

 Yes, as a certificate of residence must be provided upon closing the purchase.

 Possibility to appoint a local representative during the transaction (YES/NO)

Yes, our lawyers in Luxembourg can represent people who want to buy properties. 

Property taxes in Luxembourg 

– rental income tax,

– property tax,

– capital gains tax.

 Support offered for buying a property in Luxembourg (YES/NO)  Yes

How to find a property in Luxembourg

Most properties on the market are advertised by real-estate agents (agents immobiliers). Foreigners are advised to be cautious when dealing with real estate agents and companies. The agents should have certain qualifications and approvals for legally conducting their business, such as a professional card and an approval from the Ministry of Middles Classes, Tourism and Housing (Direction Générale des Classes Moyennes). Some real-estate agents are members of the Chambre immobilière du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, a non-profit association that guarantees quality real-estate trades.

It is possible to see private sale signs on properties, but the most common methods are advertising via important newspapers or various specialized websites. 

Real estate due diligence when buying properties in Luxembourg

Once the future owner has found a property that matches his or her criteria it is best to have it verified. The real estate due diligence process is important when buying an already built property because it can reveal hidden information on the respective apartment, house, or even industrial facility. When it comes to commercial real estate purchases this procedure is even more important given the high costs of such purchases.

In most cases, when the property is bought with the help of specialized agencies, the real estate due diligence could seem unnecessary, however, the buyer is advised to perform a search with the Luxembourg Land Register and ask for the following information:

  • information about the previous and current owners of the property to be purchased;
  • information about any tenancy agreements and third-party rights over the property;
  • information about debts related to the property, such as unpaid mortgages;
  • information about specific authorizations that might be required if changes are to be made to the property.

Our law firm in Luxembourg can make such verifications with the Land Register in the Grand Duchy in order to ensure a safe real estate purchase.

Other verifications that can be made refer to technical and architectural real estate due diligence, however, these must be performed by specialists. We advise clients in pursuing such verifications in order to make sure the property complies with safety regulations.

Here is also an infographic on this subject:

Property prices in Luxembourg

Luxembourg is not a large country, therefore the offers listed by real estate agencies, newspapers and other publications are not as many as in large European countries. Real estate prices are higher than in other neighboring countries because of the increased demand and not so many offers, but also because of the high living costs here.

In order to help buyers find suitable residential properties they can buy, the Ministry of Housing created the Housing Observatory in 2003, a body which collects information on the housing market and evolution of prices which can be researched when looking for the property prices in Luxembourg.

Steps in buying a property in Luxembourg

Once a suitable property is found, the buyer will need to complete a few steps before becoming the legal owner of the respective property. These steps include:

  1. signing a pre-sale agreement which can contain various clauses depending on the type of property to by bought;
  2. paying an advance on the property in order to secure the transaction (in most cases the advance can go up to 25% of the entire price);
  3. applying for one of the governmental assistance schemes (the State home loan, the State financial aid), however this step is not mandatory;
  4. applying for the energy certificate when buying commercial real estate properties;
  5. singing the sale-purchase agreement and paying the fees associated with the purchase;
  6. registering the property with the Luxembourg Land Register and obtaining the property title.

It is important to note that the sale-purchase agreement must be registered with the Land Registry within 3 months after the buyer has acquired the property.

These steps are not hard to complete and foreign citizens who want to relocate to the Grand Duchy can grant one of our Luxembourg lawyers a power of attorney in order to conclude some of the steps associated with the purchase of real estate.

The advantage of being a citizen of a country in the European Union (EU), European Economic Area (EEA), or Switzerland is that you don’t need to fulfill any specific conditions for immigration to Luxembourg. If you need support in moving here with other administrative tasks, such as registering for taxation or healthcare, please contact us.

How to buy a house in Luxembourg

Buying a property in Luxembourg is not difficult when you are aware of the steps you need to complete or when you use specialized assistance from a real estate agent during the most important stages.

Buy what should you look into when purchasing a house in the Grand Duchy? Here are some pointers:

  • read and/or get information about the main types of houses you will find in Luxembourg, as it will ease your decision;
  • take into account the number of family members in order to choose a property that meets your living requirements and ensures the degree of comfort sought;
  • choose the area in which the property is located close to major interest points (workplace, school, shopping center, etc.).

When it comes to the types of houses to buy in Luxembourg it is important to note that these are usually divided into:

  • townhouses;
  • mansions;
  • terraced houses.

However, there are also other interesting facts you should take into account when you decide to buy a house in Luxembourg and that is the price. The most recent data indicates that over the past 10 years, home prices in the Grand Duchy have increased significantly. According to research conducted by the EU Commission, costs rose 45% across the EU between 2010 and 2022. By comparison, the increase was of 131% in Luxembourg. The average price of a house in Luxembourg at the beginning of 2022 was €1.2 million, while the average price of an apartment was €800,000.

So, when making your choice, this is an important aspect to consider. As for the legal side, you can get in touch with our real estate lawyers in Luxembourg who can help you complete the formalities of property acquisition.

If you are interested in immigration to Luxembourg and direct acquisition of a property, you can rely on our law firm for support with both procedures. This will simplify and speed up things considerably.

How to buy an apartment in Luxembourg

Not everybody wants to go directly for a house, which is why buying an apartment in this country is just as good of a choice. Most of them can be found in Luxembourg City. The most important thing here is that the city is divided into 24 districts which can influence the price. However, the type of apartment will also have a direct impact on the cost.

If you are looking to buy an apartment in Luxembourg, you can find:

  • one, two or three-bedroom apartments;
  • duplex apartments;
  • penthouses.

In the area of Luxembourg City, the average price of an apartment was €940,000 in the first months of 2022, however, it should be noted that it possible for this data to change as prices tend to rise to more than 2% per quarter every year, driven by high demand.

If you want to buy an apartment, our property lawyers in Luxembourg can assist you with the drafting of the paperwork so that you can have your dream home as soon as possible.

Costs when buying a property in Luxembourg

When performing a real-estate transaction, both the seller and the buyer pay certain costs.

The buyer must pay for:

  • registration tax;
  • notary fee (a notary must transfer the title after the price has been negotiated to its final value);
  • transcript tax.

The seller will pay only for the real-estate agent’s fee.

The purchase agreement

The property purchase agreement is a contract signed between the parties. It is not mandatory, however, if it is drawn up, the contract will legally bind the two parties, ensuring that neither will discontinue the sale process. If the buyer and the seller choose to conclude a contract, it should include:

  • identification details for both the seller and the buyer;
  • a full description of the property and the surface area;
  • purchase price;
  • mortgage information;
  • any penalties, if one of the parties does not conclude the sale etc.

The buyer may be asked to make a deposit for the property. The purchase must be completed by a notary in Luxembourg.

Tax benefits associated with buying a house/apartment in Luxembourg

You might wonder why you should buy a property in Luxembourg which prices are so high and still on the rise. A simple answer would be that the government has in place several incentives for homeowners. Among these, we mention the following:

  • you can get a tax rebate of €20,000 per person no matter if you buy a house or apartment in Luxembourg;
  • if you purchase a property for renovation purposes, you can pay a lower VAT rate of only 3% compared to the standard 17% rate in the limit of €50,000;
  • when used to live in it, the property tax is very low until 2026, according to new law.

You can rely on more information about it with our real estate lawyers in Luxembourg.  Here is also a video on this subject:

We are also at your disposal if you are interesed in immigration to Luxembourg.

Why buy a property in Luxembourg?

Luxembourg is one of the most appealing countries to live in Europe. Home to most of the EU’s structures, Luxembourg is also a very safe country while the minimum wage for employees here is one of the highest in Europe.

When choosing to buy a property in Luxembourg it is useful to know that housing prices are cheaper in the northern part of the country compared to the Canton of Luxembourg.

Those buying properties in Luxembourg should also know that the government has in place several assistance schemes and tax benefits for buyers. Among these, we mention the following aids and taxes associated with the purchase of real estate:

  • the tax credit for notarial instruments which implies a reduction of the registration fees in the limit of 20,000 euros;
  • the deduction of loan financing costs for non-resident taxpayers which is calculated every year if the individuals keep the property for at least 10 years;
  • the transcript tax which is set at 1.2% of the property value;
  • a surtax of 3% if the property is located in Luxembourg City.

Our lawyers in Luxembourg can offer you legal representation and counseling for purchasing a property in LuxembourgContact us for more information.